Welsh Pronunciation

Various letter combinations are pronounced according to more or less standard Welsh rules, (regional and cultural variations notwithstanding!) This makes the pronunciation of such Welsh words and names used both in the book and in Wales itself, easier to say aloud, especially those as having few or no conventional English vowels.

Welsh letter combinations English pronunciation

ae = long ‘I’ as in eye

ai = long ‘I’ as in eye

au = ‘ow’ as in cow or sometimes ‘eye’

aw = ‘ow’ as in cow

c = short ‘c’ as in car

ch = always soft (as in Bach, the composer)

dd = ‘th’

e = short ‘e’ as in egg

f = short ‘v’ as in van

ff = short ‘f’ as in fan

g = short ‘g’ as in goat

h = ‘huh’ as in the breath sound for ‘h’

j = ‘j’ is seldom used in Welsh

k = there is no ‘k’ in Welsh

ll = ‘chl’ (soft ch as in Bach, the composer)

nêr = ‘nair’ as in hair or lair

ô = ‘oh’ as in the capital letter ‘O’

oe = ‘oy’ as in boy

oi = ‘oi’ as in oil

q = there is no ‘q’ in Welsh

r = a very rolled ‘r’

rh = ‘rh’ as in Rhodri

th = ‘th’

u = often ‘ee’ sound as in bee, but also ‘uh’

v = there is no ‘v’ in Welsh

ŵ = ‘ew’ as in new

wn = ‘oin’ as in loin

wr = ‘oowr’ or ‘eer’ depending on word

x = there is no ‘x’ in Welsh

y = ‘uh’ (when a syllable on its own)

yr = ‘uhr’(as in German for hour, uhr) or ear

wyn = ‘win’ (y = short ‘i’ in this combination)

Dynol = ‘deen’ (y = ‘ee’ in this combination)

dryad = ‘dry’ (y = same sound as in English)

z = there is no ‘z’ in Welsh

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